Phleboliths :- What are Phleboliths and How Are They Treated ?

Phleboliths are little, round bumps of calcium which form in a individual’s person veins.  They frequently appear as white spots on pelvic X-rays, and they may be confused for kidney stones.

They aren’t normally a cause for concern and are rarely painful.  But should they do cause discomfort, treatments can be found.

In this guide, we take a look at the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and therapy.

What are Phleboliths ?

Phleboliths are around clusters of calcium which develop from the walls of a vein.  They can vary in size but are generally around 5 milli meters across.  They commonly appear from the veins surrounding the anus.

Phleboliths are a sort of vascular calcification.  They’re considered a indication of abnormality from the vein.

Typically don’t move and are benign, but they might indicate the existence of some other condition. Many adults have this problem and therefore are unaffected by these.

These lumps are more prevalent in adults aged over 40 and look at precisely the exact same speed in women and men.  Their frequency increases with age.

What causes phleboliths ?

Scientists are unsure why phleboliths form. They are typically present from birth, or inborn.

Non-hereditary reasons include :-

  • Irregularities in the veins, or venous abnormalities, which moderate the progression of blood and cause calcium to gather.
  • Damage to the walls of the vein.
  • Varicose veins.
  • Poor blood stream.
  • Blockage and stressing, which can harm pelvic veins.

How do I know whether I’ve phleboliths? – Symptoms

Varicose veins, which can be enlarged veins overfilled with bloodstream, can be an indication of phleboliths.  They are generally visible under the skin and also possess a reddish or bluish-purple colour.  Varicose veins tend to be debilitating.

Based upon the size, place, and quantity of phleboliths which you have, you might not ever notice any signs.  Sometimes they can lead to pain in the gut or pelvis.  If the pain is quite sharp, then you might have kidney stones rather than phleboliths.

Since the symptoms are very similar to those of different conditions, It could be missed or misdiagnosed.

It frequently occur with no signs.  Someone could only learn of these after experiencing an unrelated X-ray or ultrasound.

But, depending upon their size and place, It could cause the following symptoms and signs:

Moderate pain in the Region varicose veins or blood clots, due to decreased blood circulation dilated veins and swelling in the Region constipation, even Once the phleboliths are from the pelvic region

How are they diagnosed?

In an X-ray, It seem mild or white.  A physician may call for extra tests, like the ones in an ultrasound or MRI, to ascertain the specific location and extent of this phleboliths.

Based on where they are, they are sometimes misdiagnosed as kidney stones.  If someone undergoes sharp pain in the gut, they might have kidney stones, instead of phleboliths.

These lumps are generally found on regular X-rays, are often occur with other vein abnormalities.


How do I eliminate phleboliths? – Treatment

Medical treatment

Most often, It require no treatment and don’t show any risk of infection. On the off chance that phleboliths are causing extraordinary torment, a specialist may recommend the accompanying treatment choices:

  • Sclerotherapy :- In this methodology, the vein containing the phlebolith is contracted with an injection.
  • Endovascular laser treatment :- This includes utilizing a laser fiber to close the vein, and it is a common treatment for varicose veins.
  • Medical procedure :- Contingent upon the seriousness of the vein variations from the norm, a specialist may need to eliminate the vein and surrounding tissue. This is performed under a general anesthetic.
  • Anti-inflammatories :- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as naproxen, can reduce general pain caused by phleboliths.

Home remedies

Anti-inflammatory medications, such as ibuprofen (Advil), can also alleviate your pain.  If your pain does not go away, see your physician.

For small instances of phleboliths, put a warm, wet washcloth over the region in pain.  You might want to do so a couple times per day to find relief.


Phleboliths are little clusters of calcium found in veins.  They’re generally found from birth and may happen with vein abnormalities which need therapy.

Typically, It don’t indicate the existence of a serious illness.  If those lumps are discovered, someone might be known as a professional, to discuss therapy choices.

This Video only for knowledge purpose