Covid 19 is a viral infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 virus. It is recognized by World Health Organization as pandemic in 21st century. Its rapid tendency to spread increased people’s vulnerability. Till now lakhs of people have lost their life worldwide.
It has emerged with different variants in different parts of world. for example, Delta, Kappa in India, Beta in South Africa, Alpha in UK etc. These variations have occurred due to mutations that makes it more difficult to control.
It has affected all the countries socially, politically, psychologically and economically and environmentally. At individual level it has affected peoples of all age groups. The entire health infrastructure of a country got affected. It has variously affected developed and developing nations. As vaccination and medicines are not available at initial stages, that increased its chances of spread and its impacts.
IMPACTS OF COVID 19
On the political and international relations level, the crisis is likely to reshape the whole world order; with the expected rising tensions between China and USA, the democratic versus autocratic regimes and their ability to handle the crisis, etc.
The pandemic poses unique challenges to state stability and could compound risks of political violence, internal armed conflict, and incidents of state failure.
The effects on political participation also extend to electoral politics. For example, in some countries local and national political authorities decided to postpone elections or reimagine electoral procedures and practices.
On the social scale, Women who are now dedicated more to home due to the virus were exposed to domestic violence. Xenophobia and racism broke in different spots of the globe against foreign workers sharing the limited share of jobs.
The pandemic has also resulted in a housing crisis, as many people can no longer afford their rent or mortgage payments, thus risking eviction and homelessness. This has sometimes generated extreme and violent responses.
The long-term isolation, stress, and uncertainty during the pandemic may also exacerbate alcohol and drug consumption.
The new teaching format was not always suitable for younger pupils or students with disabilities. Furthermore, online teaching tended to sharpen the ‘digital divide’ between families with different levels of access to suitable spaces in the home, tablets, and highspeed Internet connections.
Some sectors of the economy have been particularly affected by the pandemic and are experiencing significant contraction, as is the case with higher education.
In some countries, such as the US, the UK, and Australia, many universities rely heavily (from a financial point of view) on the recruitment of international students, who generally pay higher enrolment fees than their domestic counterparts. Travel and visa restrictions during the pandemic have resulted in withdrawals and lower enrolment numbers among international students, with significant financial implications for the universities most affected
The transportation sector will also feel the economic impact of the pandemic for the foreseeable future. Industry experts forecast a record-breaking financial loss for the commercial aviation sector.
The restaurant and food services sectors have faced significant obstacles to profitability, and many businesses have been forced to shutter their doors.
The sports industry has also been significantly affected by the pandemic, with major sporting events cancelled or postponed all over the world. Mass gatherings and large-scale events generate crowds where the risk of COVID-19 transmission rises exponentially. In March 2020, Japan’s Prime Minister and the president of the International Olympic Committee announced the postponement of the 2020 Tokyo Games, marking the first time the Olympics have been rescheduled for a reason other than war.
The agricultural sector has also faced considerable challenges. At the early stages of the pandemic, the prices of agricultural goods fell significantly, particularly due to lower demand from hotels and restaurants.
Sex workers have also been affected by the social distancing restrictions implemented during the pandemic, given the central role that physical contact plays in the industry.
Supply chains collapse, companies are facing bankruptcy, and mass unemployment ensues. Covid-19 has triggered a global financial crisis and is forcing states to develop rescue packages on a scale not seen before.
Many music venues, theatres, and cinemas around the world were forced to keep their doors closed in the first half of 2020 due to social distancing rules and to reduce risks associated with the spread of COVID-19 in indoor environments.
Also staying at home due to lockdown adversely impacted mental health of people. Elders and children are more impacted than others.
In order to stop the spread of covid 19 virus lockdown is been imposed in countries. This led to decrease in use of vehicles that in turn led to improve in quality of air. Secondly the death of animals due to road accidents have decreased. This all has increase in repair capacity of nature
GENDER -BASED IMPACTS
There are many problems that are faced by both the genders like frustration, loss of job, impaired work routine, health issues because of closing of gyms and workplace.
But the report suggest that females are impacted more than males. Many issues have increased like violence at home, early childhood marriages, increase in dropout rates from school, high chances of pregnancy, increased burden of work at home.
AGE BASED IMPACTS
Beyond its direct effect on people’s health, COVID-19 has also indirectly affected people’s ability to stay healthy.
For example, lockdown and social distancing restrictions aimed at reducing its spread have changed the way people exercise that affected the old age people more then youngsters.
With online streaming classes and programmes the children daily routine and discipline have been disrupted altogether impacted their health.
In conclusion, the Covid 19 has emerged as pandemic that impacted life of people. There are many preventive measures that was suggested by the experts
Wear mask and carry sanitizer.
Regular washing of hands with soap
Maintain social distancing from people.
Consult doctor if facing health issues like cold, cough etc..
Vaccination is must
So, prevention is better than cure.